This new report describes the educational achievement of immigrants in Europe and examines the factors explaining why their educational outcomes differ with respect to non-immigrants.
After investigating how the organization of school systems affects the education of immigrant children, the authors turn to the question as to whether the share of immigrants in schools affects the school performance of non-immigrants. Finally, they discuss whether the education of the population can help in mitigating anti-immigration sentiments, thereby favouring the integration process of immigrants. When reviewing the existing research, particular interest is given to studies that can identify causal effects, as it is the presence of these effects that can motivate policy intervention. While the focus is mainly on Europe, relevant evidence from the US is also considered.